AskDefine | Define schoolchild

Dictionary Definition

schoolchild n : a young person attending school (up through senior high school) [syn: school-age child, pupil]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

school + child

Noun

schoolchild (plural schoolchildren)
  1. A young person attending school or of an age to attend school.

Synonyms

Translations

Extensive Definition

A child is most often defined as a young human being between birth and puberty; a boy or girl. The legal definition of "child" generally refers to a minor, otherwise known as a person younger than the age of majority. "Child" may also describe a relationship with a parent or authority figure, or signify group membership in a clan, tribe, or religion; or it can signify being strongly affected by a specific time, place, or circumstance, as in "a child of nature" or "a child of the Sixties."

UN definition

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child defines a child as "every human being below the age of 18 years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier"..

Biological definition

Biologically, a child is anyone in the developmental stage of childhood, between infancy and adulthood.

Attitudes toward children

Social attitudes toward children differ around the world, and these attitudes have changed over time. One study has found that children in the United States are coddled and overprotected. A 1988 study on European attitudes toward the centrality of children found that Italy was more child-centric and Holland less child-centric, with other countries (Austria, Great Britain, Ireland, and West Germany) falling in between.

Age of responsibility

The age at which children are considered responsible for their own actions has also changed over time, and this is reflected in the way they are treated in courts of law. In Roman times, children were regarded as not culpable for crimes, a position later adopted by the Church. In the nineteenth century, children younger than seven years old were believed incapable of crime. Children from the age of seven were considered responsible for their actions. Hence, they could face criminal charges, be sent to adult prisons, and be punished like adults by whipping, branding or hanging.

References

External links

schoolchild in Arabic: طفل
schoolchild in Guarani: Mitã
schoolchild in Min Nan: Gín-á
schoolchild in Bulgarian: Дете
schoolchild in Catalan: Nen
schoolchild in Czech: Dítě
schoolchild in Zhuang: Lwgnyez
schoolchild in Danish: Barn
schoolchild in German: Kind
schoolchild in Estonian: Laps
schoolchild in Modern Greek (1453-): Παιδί
schoolchild in Spanish: Niño
schoolchild in Esperanto: Infano
schoolchild in Persian: کودک
schoolchild in French: Enfant
schoolchild in Irish: Leanbh
schoolchild in Galician: Infancia
schoolchild in Korean: 어린이
schoolchild in Croatian: Djeca
schoolchild in Indonesian: Anak
schoolchild in Icelandic: Barn
schoolchild in Italian: Bambino
schoolchild in Hebrew: ילדות
schoolchild in Kurdish: Zarok
schoolchild in Lithuanian: Vaikas
schoolchild in Hungarian: Gyerek
schoolchild in Maltese: Tifel
schoolchild in Dutch: Kind
schoolchild in Dutch Low Saxon: Kiend
schoolchild in Japanese: 子供
schoolchild in Norwegian: Barn
schoolchild in Narom: Éfaunt
schoolchild in Polish: Dziecko
schoolchild in Portuguese: Criança
schoolchild in Kölsch: Panz
schoolchild in Quechua: Wawa
schoolchild in Russian: Ребёнок
schoolchild in Sicilian: Picciriddu
schoolchild in Simple English: Child
schoolchild in Slovenian: Otrok
schoolchild in Finnish: Lapsi
schoolchild in Swedish: Barn
schoolchild in Tagalog: Anak
schoolchild in Vietnamese: Trẻ em
schoolchild in Tajik: Кӯдак
schoolchild in Turkish: Çocuk
schoolchild in Ukrainian: Дитина
schoolchild in Wu Chinese: 细路
schoolchild in Yiddish: קינד
schoolchild in Contenese: 細路
schoolchild in Chinese: 儿童
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